IIIF 2016

IIIF 2016
First India International Innovation Fair

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Wednesday, September 28, 2016

Innovation Clusters and knowledge trajectories

This paper `River deep, mountain high: Of long‐run knowledge trajectories
within and between innovation clusters, by ├ľnder Nomaler and Bart Verspagen examined the global pipeline of knowledge from a different perspective. 
Knowledge flows differentiate an innovation cluster from an industrial cluster. We examined the knowledge flows as part of DST sponsored project on Innovation Cluster , which was published as `Promoting Innovation in Clusters'. Global pipelines are purpose-built connections between a given local firm and parties in the world outside. Partners can range from other firms, suppliers, customers, universities, to research centres. Establishing a global pipeline is expensive, yet, it is possible with a conscious effort on the part of partners at both ends of the pipeline, making the exchange highly targeted towards specific pre-defined goals.

New and valuable knowledge can always be created in other parts of the world and firms that can build a pipeline for such sites of global excellence gain competitive advantage.
Information that one cluster firm can acquire through its pipelines will spill over to other
firms in the cluster through local buzz. In developed economies, pipelines to the outside
world are regarded as key source for radical innovation, channelling new knowledge and
practices to local firms. Local interactions represent a more genuine vehicle for incremental

The authors bring in the concept of technological trajectories ,  defined as (patent)citation chains, A very simple example is where patent A in region 1 is cited by patent B in region 2, which is in turn cited by patent C in region 3. The knowledge flow is then A(1) -> B(2) -> C(3). In terms of the start- and endpoint of this example path, we see a “deep” knowledge flow from region 1 to region 3. However, because patents usually cite more than one other patent, we need a way to conceptualise the complex networks that arise in the real world.

The picture shows Top main path in the East coast-to-East coast sandwich network (nodes are patents, lines are citations; main path is indicated with arrows and bold lines)
When a technological trajectory develops, it
does so along a specific spatial trajectory. This spatial trajectory mostly consists of chains of
patents from inventive clusters. In other words, the results from the technological cluster
literature have a strong relevance for the analysis of technological trajectories. The way in
which firms use local buzz and build global pipelines will have a strong influence on how
trajectories develop. On the other hand, the development of the technological trajectories that the firm is interested in will also determine how it builds its global pipelines of knowledge transfer, and where it will seek local buzz.

Indian firms can tap the global knowledge emanating from other clusters relatively easily when that knowledge is embedded in best practices, capital goods, aided by supplier/ buyer. That tends to be incremental in nature. Competitive advantage is derived from more substantial knowledge flows that are in fluid stage and in patents. Thus Indian firms citing core patents of other , far away cluster firms stand better chances of benefiting from knowledge trajectories. 

Monday, September 26, 2016

Business Opportunity- new gen Geometry set

Traditional geometry set with a ruler, set square and protractor is used by millions of school going children. In addition, students also use dashboards and graph paper to create analytical charts.
Innovator Fouad Bakkar combined all these into a single product ` Student Green Dashboard'.

This patented product is available on license to manufacture in India.

Contact: fouad.bakkar@gmail.com or indiainvents@gmail.com

Thursday, August 18, 2016

Saankya Labs White Space Base Station selected for TMC awards.

One of TMC's  most coveted awards, the Communications Solutions Products of the Year Award honors exceptional products and services that facilitate voice, data and video communications that were brought to market or greatly improved upon in the last twelve months. See the list here.
Saankya Labs, TVWS product has been selected as the best communication solution for rural broadband 2016.

Saturday, August 06, 2016

Ag Tech Investment Report

Where is the investment coming to other than Food commerce startups? From the report of Ag Founder.
  • Soil & Crop Technology is a broad category encompassing biological inputs and treatments, chemical inputs, geneticsbased tech, new crops, and seed technology.The subsector saw $161 million raised across 22 deals in H1-2016, a 290% increase on H1-2015 ($41m) and not far behind 2015’s total for the sector of $173m.The increase in investment and activity were largely be attributed to three trends: gene-editing technologies, microbiome research, and biological inputs.
  • Precision ag startups raised $333 million during the first half of 2016, slightly more than half of what was raised during all of 2015 ($661m). We define these companies as those helping farmers grow and manage both crops and livestock using digital tools and hardware. They come from the following subsectors: Drones & Robotics, Decision Support Tech, Irrigation & Water, and Smart Equipment & Hardware. Hardware and sensors startups also grabbed a larger size of the pie raising $27.4 million.
  • Startups in the Biomaterials & Biochemicals subsector produce or farm biological organisms and compounds for use across the food, pharmaceutical, textile and other industrial industries.
  • Friday, May 20, 2016

    Patent Act amended in May 2016 with guidelines for startups.

    India probably has become the first country to have exclusive provisions in Patent legislation for STARTUPS, This amendment defines startup and the promised speeding up process.
    Startup‖ means an entity, where- 
    (i) more than five years have not lapsed from the date of its incorporation or registration; 
    (ii) the turnover for any of the financial years, out of the aforementioned five years, did not exceed rupees twenty-five crores; 
    and it is working towards innovation, development, deployment or commercialisation of new products, processes or services driven by technology or intellectual property:
    Provided further that the mere act of developing:
    a. products or services or processes which do not have potential for commercialisation, or 
    b. undifferentiated products or services or processes, or 
    c. products or services or processes with no or limited incremental value for customers or workflow, would not be covered under this definition.
    a. is about commercialisation, since no one can certify potential for commercialisation, it is reasonable to expect that a startup at pre-revenue stage is not eligible.
    b. comes under innovative step, no issue on that,
    c. incremental value to customer- this is entering totally new territory by the examiner.

    Expedited examination of applications: it appears that in an expedited examination process the examiner has to prepare the examination report within two months, as opposed to three months taken in the ordinary process. The expediting option will be available for startups for a fee of INR 8000 as opposed to INR 4000, which is charged for ordinary examination. 

    Tuesday, May 17, 2016

    National IPR policy

    The National Policy like most other policy documents will carry nothing objectionable. Is it actionable? Will it be productive? 

    Awareness: Is government required to spend money on creating IPR awareness? There is certainly no shortage of information on Internet. Organizing awareness workshops, promotion meetings is the easy option and many government departments have been doing this  and this only.
    Generating IPR:  If numbers are important, Chinese scale up model adding utility patents can be followed. Again , is IPR generation independent of Innovation promotion? Do we want a mountain of patents but no innovations?
    Legal and legislative Framework: This is government job. We will know about this only when laws are amended. 
    Administration and Management: This again is government job. Hope search for Indian patents will be as smooth as USPTO.
    Commercialization of IPR:  This is new item on table. Products are commercialized and patents are licensed. This cannot be a end of pipeline activity.  

    Conclusion:  The focus of government has to be on innovation promotion , IP generation and commercialization are not independent activities. Government should focus on legislation and administration.