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Wednesday, October 12, 2016

India in Nature Index 2016 Rising Stars

As per reports India is at the second position among countries with the highest increase in their contribution to high-quality scientific research, the country is only behind China’s.
See the ranking of Top 100 institutions. The ranking is based on change in WFC from 2012 to 2015. Nature Index is based on articles from 68 journals. Weighted fractional count (WFC): a modified version of FC in which fractional counts for articles from specialist astronomy and astrophysics journals have been down weighted. To understand where the money goes see the picture here read more on that.

Tuesday, October 11, 2016

Medical Technology Scenario - Vinod Khoshla

In the future, the majority of physicians’ diagnostic, prescription and monitoring, which over time may approach 80 % of total doctors’/internists’ time spent on medicine, will be replaced by smart hardware, software, and testing.
The first iteration might look like a stage where we see enhancements to traditional medicine with better blood glucose tracking, better software to manage patients, more support tools, for today’s doctor or health professional, better patient compliance tools, better information coordination, etc. Vinod Khosla terms it Vo System. At this level of technology we move away from molecular diagnostics and lab work being collected only in a clinical setting, to testing in kiosks, or mobile care centers and finally at home.
In a V1/V2 or may be V3 system, there will be home testing through finger sticks, exhalation or sampling of other material such as sputum, urine or faces. While V0 systems may be software to help with healthcare workflows, V1 systems will do intelligent routing, alerting users to errors , caution, better treatment etc.
In another 10-15 years we may get assistance from Dr Algorithm, who with press of a button would scan massive historical database, identify thousands of patients with similar symptoms, focus on those who are similar to you, then summarise the diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of those cases.

We will be moving from `practice of medicine' to `science of medicine', data- science- algorithms takes care of diagnosis and robots precision surgery. And doctors would be there to heal and do a better job in that with personalised medical treatment.

Wednesday, September 28, 2016

Innovation Clusters and knowledge trajectories

This paper `River deep, mountain high: Of long‐run knowledge trajectories
within and between innovation clusters, by ├ľnder Nomaler and Bart Verspagen examined the global pipeline of knowledge from a different perspective. 
Knowledge flows differentiate an innovation cluster from an industrial cluster. We examined the knowledge flows as part of DST sponsored project on Innovation Cluster , which was published as `Promoting Innovation in Clusters'. Global pipelines are purpose-built connections between a given local firm and parties in the world outside. Partners can range from other firms, suppliers, customers, universities, to research centres. Establishing a global pipeline is expensive, yet, it is possible with a conscious effort on the part of partners at both ends of the pipeline, making the exchange highly targeted towards specific pre-defined goals.

New and valuable knowledge can always be created in other parts of the world and firms that can build a pipeline for such sites of global excellence gain competitive advantage.
Information that one cluster firm can acquire through its pipelines will spill over to other
firms in the cluster through local buzz. In developed economies, pipelines to the outside
world are regarded as key source for radical innovation, channelling new knowledge and
practices to local firms. Local interactions represent a more genuine vehicle for incremental

The authors bring in the concept of technological trajectories ,  defined as (patent)citation chains, A very simple example is where patent A in region 1 is cited by patent B in region 2, which is in turn cited by patent C in region 3. The knowledge flow is then A(1) -> B(2) -> C(3). In terms of the start- and endpoint of this example path, we see a “deep” knowledge flow from region 1 to region 3. However, because patents usually cite more than one other patent, we need a way to conceptualise the complex networks that arise in the real world.

The picture shows Top main path in the East coast-to-East coast sandwich network (nodes are patents, lines are citations; main path is indicated with arrows and bold lines)
When a technological trajectory develops, it
does so along a specific spatial trajectory. This spatial trajectory mostly consists of chains of
patents from inventive clusters. In other words, the results from the technological cluster
literature have a strong relevance for the analysis of technological trajectories. The way in
which firms use local buzz and build global pipelines will have a strong influence on how
trajectories develop. On the other hand, the development of the technological trajectories that the firm is interested in will also determine how it builds its global pipelines of knowledge transfer, and where it will seek local buzz.

Indian firms can tap the global knowledge emanating from other clusters relatively easily when that knowledge is embedded in best practices, capital goods, aided by supplier/ buyer. That tends to be incremental in nature. Competitive advantage is derived from more substantial knowledge flows that are in fluid stage and in patents. Thus Indian firms citing core patents of other , far away cluster firms stand better chances of benefiting from knowledge trajectories. 

Monday, September 26, 2016

Business Opportunity- new gen Geometry set

Traditional geometry set with a ruler, set square and protractor is used by millions of school going children. In addition, students also use dashboards and graph paper to create analytical charts.
Innovator Fouad Bakkar combined all these into a single product ` Student Green Dashboard'.

This patented product is available on license to manufacture in India.

Contact: or

Thursday, August 18, 2016

Saankya Labs White Space Base Station selected for TMC awards.

One of TMC's  most coveted awards, the Communications Solutions Products of the Year Award honors exceptional products and services that facilitate voice, data and video communications that were brought to market or greatly improved upon in the last twelve months. See the list here.
Saankya Labs, TVWS product has been selected as the best communication solution for rural broadband 2016.

Saturday, August 06, 2016

Ag Tech Investment Report

Where is the investment coming to other than Food commerce startups? From the report of Ag Founder.
  • Soil & Crop Technology is a broad category encompassing biological inputs and treatments, chemical inputs, geneticsbased tech, new crops, and seed technology.The subsector saw $161 million raised across 22 deals in H1-2016, a 290% increase on H1-2015 ($41m) and not far behind 2015’s total for the sector of $173m.The increase in investment and activity were largely be attributed to three trends: gene-editing technologies, microbiome research, and biological inputs.
  • Precision ag startups raised $333 million during the first half of 2016, slightly more than half of what was raised during all of 2015 ($661m). We define these companies as those helping farmers grow and manage both crops and livestock using digital tools and hardware. They come from the following subsectors: Drones & Robotics, Decision Support Tech, Irrigation & Water, and Smart Equipment & Hardware. Hardware and sensors startups also grabbed a larger size of the pie raising $27.4 million.
  • Startups in the Biomaterials & Biochemicals subsector produce or farm biological organisms and compounds for use across the food, pharmaceutical, textile and other industrial industries.