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Wednesday, May 03, 2006

Bio-Diesel

One of the largest technology mission undertaken by GOI is on Biodiesel.Under the demonstration project for cultivation of non-edible oil-bearing plants and tree for production of bio-diesel, the rural development ministry has released an amount of Rs 4,900 crore to the nine states identified under the project. These states are Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tripura and Assam.This allocation is for plantation of Jatropha curcas in 200,000 hectare forest land and 200,000 hectare non-forest wasteland over a period of five years. The allocation is also meant for technology development, technical support to growers through training, capacity building and other facilitating arrangements.

See news item at : http://www.financialexpress.com/fe_full_story.php?content_id=125318
A lucid presentation on bio diesel at : http://www.ficci.com/media-room/speeches-presentations/2005/nov/r&d/Tech4/mandal.ppt
and gaps on R&D at : http://www.nandinichemical.com/online_journal/feb06_nandini_chemical_journal.htm

1 comment:

Ahmed said...

Feedstock is not problem, right technology will lead biodisel industry. Plantation of Jatropha, pongamia, ect. is different sector and processing of biodiesel is different sector.In order to sustain biodiesel industry, the technology is very important which has the ability to handle multifeedstocks readily available, it will be better if it is locally available and cheap such as used oil, yellow grease, trap grease or any combination and still meets the ASTM standard to avoid harm the vehicles. As we all know there are Technology Issues. Conventional Biodiesel manufactured cost and quality are directly related to the type of technology employed in the process. All processes worldwide use similar technology and have restrictions on the type of oil to be used. For example, base catalysis systems can only use high grade, high cost oils that are very low in free fats. This restriction allows manufacturers to develop their own process technology based on hundreds of years of experience. This is the basic soap manufacturing process and has the lowest capital cost, typically which is still in millions of dollars for a small plant. Typical operating costs are $0.50 to $0.80 per gallon. A typical yield from this plant operation is 93 – 95%. These operations require either water washing stages or ion exchange for waterless fuel contaminate process cleanup after reaction. Most States heavily monitor water discharges from Biodiesel plants, and most of these have converted to waterless technologies. Ion exchange is a costly process and adds cost per gallon, depending on product quality. Low yield, high costs, and limited oil type used by these processes will eliminate them from the market in the near future.
The second level of technology capable of utilizing lower cost oils but requires a costly two step process, acid/base catalysis. Yield is low but it can convert low cost oils into biodiesel. The down side, plants cost twice as much as a base catalysis technology and are very complicated systems. A typical yield from this plant operation is 85% or less.

Contrary to this ECR has developed with years of research and development Heterogeneous catalytic system that can handle efficiently with minimum dose of chemical catalyst to handle any comination of feedstock irrespective of whatever FFA contents in the oil. In fact, higher FFA is better for higher btu value in biodiesel.ECR’s technology is capable of efficiently processing lower cost oils while maintaining high quality meeting ASTM standard is a market opportunity that few in the world today is used as an advantage.
ECR’s Technical Advantages;
• Lowest capital cost, about 1/3 less than competitors
• Lowest operating cost
• Highest quality
• Highest yield, approximately 27% better than competition

Any body is interested may contact us for further details.
ahmed_baosman@hotmail.com
Dr. A Baosman